Mpigi District

Mpigi District is located in the Central Region of Uganda. Named after its principal town, Mpigi, this district is home to a diverse range of people, cultures, and natural resources. It boasts a combination of rich history, promising economic potential, cultural diversity, and beautiful landscapes that continue to shape its reputation.


Mpigi District has a rich history rooted in the pre-colonial period when the area was under the Buganda Kingdom, one of the oldest monarchies in Africa. The Buganda kingdom was composed of several counties, among them Kyaggwe, Busiro, and Mawokota, which are part of modern-day Mpigi District.

During the colonial era, Mpigi District was part of the larger Buganda Province. The region was used as a key administrative and economic hub due to its strategic location. After Uganda’s independence in 1962, the district went through various administrative changes. It was eventually established as a separate district in 1980, paving the way for enhanced local governance and development initiatives.


The administrative structure of Mpigi District mirrors the standard Ugandan district setup. The district is subdivided into different counties, which are further split into sub-counties, parishes, and villages. The district is headed by a District Chairperson, locally known as the LCV Chairman, who is elected by the people.

The District Local Government, which includes the District Chairperson, District Executive Committee, and District Council, spearheads administration, policy formulation, and implementation of government programs at the district level. Below this level, there are sub-county and village local governments, which deal with local administration and service delivery.


Mpigi District is located in the central region of Uganda, approximately 37 km southwest of Kampala, Uganda’s capital and largest city. It borders Wakiso District to the north, Kalangala District across Lake Victoria to the south, Gomba District to the west, and Kalungu District to the west.

The district’s landscape is characterized by undulating hills and flat plains, which are ideal for agriculture. It has a tropical climate, receiving rainfall throughout most of the year, with temperatures ranging from 17°C to 28°C.

Demography and Culture

As of the most recent census, Mpigi District has a population of about 250,000 people. The district is a melting pot of various ethnic groups, though the Baganda, who speak Luganda, form the majority. The culture of the Baganda is rich and diverse, with unique traditions, dances, music, and crafts that attract tourists to the region.


Infrastructure in Mpigi District has been progressively improving. The district has a network of tarmac and murram roads, with the Kampala-Masaka highway passing through it, which facilitates trade and tourism. The Uganda Railways line also crosses the district, further enhancing connectivity.

Mpigi town, the district’s main urban center, has essential services, including banking facilities, post offices, and telecommunication services. Despite this, the rural areas still face infrastructure challenges, including inadequate water and sanitation facilities and limited electricity access.


Mpigi District offers a variety of tourist attractions. The Mpanga Forest Reserve is a popular spot for birdwatching and camping. Additionally, the district is home to Katereke Prison Ditch, a historical site that served as a prison in the late 19th century during the reign of Kabaka Kalema of Buganda.

Education and Health Sector

Mpigi District has several educational institutions ranging from primary to secondary schools, and a few tertiary institutions. The government, in conjunction with NGOs, has implemented Universal Primary Education (UPE) and Universal Secondary Education (USE), which has increased literacy rates significantly.

The health sector is organized around health center II’s at the parish level, health center III’s at the sub-county level, and health center IV’s at the county level. Mpigi District Hospital serves as the referral hospital. The district, however, faces challenges like inadequate medical personnel and equipment.


Agriculture is the mainstay of Mpigi District’s economy, with the majority of the population engaged in subsistence farming. Key crops include bananas, coffee, tea, and various fruits and vegetables. The district also has a vibrant livestock sector.

With its proximity to Kampala, trade and commerce are significant contributors to the local economy. The presence of the Kampala-Masaka highway has encouraged the growth of businesses along this route.

In conclusion, Mpigi District, with its unique blend of history, culture, and natural beauty, coupled with a population eager for progress, is a microcosm of Uganda. It faces several challenges, such as infrastructural and health sector limitations, but it also possesses significant potential for growth and development.