Kidepo Valley National Park Guide

Nestled in the rugged, semi-arid valleys of Karamoja province in northeastern Uganda, Kidepo Valley National Park, spanning a sprawling 1,442 square kilometers, offers visitors a unique and truly immersive safari experience. This isolated park is characterized by its breathtaking savannah landscapes, framed by jagged mountain horizons, and is home to an astonishing array of wildlife and bird species. Despite its remote location, or perhaps because of it, the park provides a natural sanctuary teeming with life, untouched and undisturbed.


Kidepo Valley National Park was officially designated a national park by the Ugandan government in 1962, with the aim of preserving the area’s unique ecosystem and the diverse species it harbors. Prior to its designation as a national park, the area was inhabited by the indigenous Karamojong and Ik people, who practiced pastoralism and small-scale agriculture.

The establishment of the park brought with it increased conservation efforts, including initiatives aimed at protecting and promoting the park’s rich biodiversity and ensuring the continued coexistence of the local communities and wildlife. Despite challenges over the years, including periods of civil unrest and limited infrastructure development, the park has remained a critical conservation area in Uganda and a must-visit destination for nature and wildlife enthusiasts.


Kidepo Valley National Park is renowned for its remarkable biodiversity. Home to over 80 species of mammals, including elephants, giraffes, cheetahs, leopards, buffalos, and zebras, it also harbors some of the rarest and most sought-after carnivores like the striped hyena, caracal, and aardwolf. Moreover, the park provides shelter to a range of primate species such as baboons and vervet monkeys.

In addition to its rich mammalian diversity, the park is also a haven for bird watchers, boasting over 475 bird species. This makes it the second highest in Uganda in terms of bird species diversity. Some of the notable bird species found here include the Abyssinian Roller, Fox Kestrel, and the Karamoja Apalis.


The park’s geographical terrain is as diverse as its wildlife. It encompasses a blend of acacia woodland, expansive savannah, and montane forests, providing varied habitats for its rich flora and fauna. The two main rivers that cross the park, the Kidepo and Narus, play an important role in the park’s ecosystem. During the dry season, the Narus Valley becomes a critical water source for wildlife.

The park is surrounded by mountain ranges, with the southern boundary defined by the Morungole range reaching heights of 2,750 meters above sea level. The northern boundary, in contrast, is characterized by rugged savannah, dominated by the towering Kidepo Mountain.


Kidepo Valley National Park is located in the northeastern corner of Uganda, bordering South Sudan to the north and Kenya to the east. Despite its remote location, the park is accessible by both road and air. By road, it’s approximately a 10-hour drive from the capital city, Kampala. Alternatively, chartered flights from Entebbe International Airport or Kajjansi Airfield can get you to the park in about 2 hours.

Kidepo Valley National Park is a place of rugged beauty, teeming with a diverse range of wildlife. Its remote and pristine wilderness provides visitors with a chance to witness nature in its raw, unfiltered form. Whether you’re a wildlife enthusiast, a birdwatcher, or simply someone looking to experience the extraordinary landscapes of Africa, Kidepo Valley National Park will undoubtedly leave you enchanted.

A Guide to Reaching Kidepo Valley National Park

Kidepo Valley National Park, although set in the farthest corner of Uganda, is more accessible than you might think. Its remote location is part of its charm, allowing visitors to experience unspoiled nature away from the hustle and bustle of modern civilization. There are two primary ways to reach Kidepo: by road and by air. Each method offers its own unique experience and considerations.

By Road

The road journey to Kidepo Valley National Park is an adventure in itself, offering an opportunity to witness the diverse landscapes of Uganda. The park is approximately 700 kilometers from Uganda’s capital city, Kampala. Depending on road conditions and the type of vehicle used, the journey can take between 10 to 12 hours.

There are two main routes from Kampala to Kidepo. The first route takes you through Karuma, Gulu, and Kitgum, while the second route goes through Mbale, Soroti, and Moroto. Both routes have their own unique attractions. The first route is usually faster and traverses past the stunning Karuma Falls on the Victoria Nile. The second route, albeit longer, offers striking views of Mount Elgon and the vast plains of Karamoja.

It’s worth noting that although the majority of the journey is on tarmac roads, the last stretch of about 150 kilometers is on murram roads which can be challenging during the rainy season. It is advisable to use a 4×4 vehicle for this journey and, if possible, hire an experienced local driver familiar with the routes and conditions.

By Air

If you’re short on time or prefer to avoid the long drive, flying is an excellent alternative. There are scheduled and chartered flights available from Entebbe International Airport and Kajjansi Airfield near Kampala to Kidepo. The flight duration is approximately 2 hours.

Charter companies such as Aerolink Uganda, Eagle Air, and Fly Uganda operate regular flights to Kidepo. The planes land at Lomej airstrip, located a short 3 kilometers from the park headquarters.

Although more expensive than the road trip, the flight offers a unique aerial view of Uganda’s breathtaking landscapes, and for many, it’s a highlight of the trip.

On Arrival

Once at the park, private vehicle hires, guided tours, and safari drives are readily available to help you navigate the vast landscapes of Kidepo Valley National Park. There are several accommodation options within and near the park, ranging from luxury lodges to budget-friendly campsites, most of which offer transport services within the park.

Whether you choose the scenic drive or the breathtaking flight, reaching Kidepo Valley National Park is part of the adventure. The journey, regardless of how it’s undertaken, leads to an untouched wilderness that offers an authentic, immersive African safari experience like no other.

Entrance/Gate to Access The Mainland of Kidepo

Kidepo Valley National Park, Uganda’s remote wilderness gem, has two primary entrances, each with its own charm and unique offerings for visitors. Each entrance is a gateway to a different experience within the park, from wildlife viewing to cultural immersion.

Katurum Gate

Located on the western side of Kidepo Valley National Park, the Katurum Gate is the main entry point for most visitors. It provides convenient access from the regional towns of Kitgum and Gulu, which are often pit stops for travelers making the long drive from Kampala.

Upon arrival at Katurum Gate, visitors are welcomed by friendly park rangers ready to provide information about the park’s wildlife, bird species, and various activities. From this point, you will enter the heart of the park, which boasts a plethora of game-viewing opportunities, including elephants, lions, cheetahs, giraffes, and a variety of antelope species.

Just a short drive from Katurum Gate, you’ll find the park headquarters and the Apoka Tourism Centre, which is a hub of activity within the park. Here, you can plan your activities, get up-to-date wildlife sighting information, hire local guides, and arrange for accommodations within the park.

Katurum Gate’s location also offers the advantage of close proximity to the Narus Valley – Kidepo’s primary game viewing area. Narus Valley has permanent water sources, making it a magnet for wildlife, especially during the dry season.

Lokutumo Gate

Situated on the northern side of the park, the lesser-known Lokutumo Gate is the gateway to the more remote and less frequented areas of the park. This gate is typically used by visitors coming in from South Sudan or those who have chosen to explore the wild northern sector of the park.

Lokutumo Gate offers direct access to the Kidepo Valley, the second major valley within the park.

This part of Kidepo is generally drier and more arid but equally captivating with its vast savannah landscapes and imposing mountain backdrops. The valley is intersected by the seasonal Kidepo River, which, during the wet season, transforms the valley into a lush, wildlife-rich oasis.

The Kidepo Valley is also home to a number of hot springs, notably the Kanangorok Hot Springs, which are easily accessible from the Lokutumo Gate. The springs offer a unique experience for visitors, with local folklore adding a layer of cultural intrigue to the natural spectacle.

Near the Lokutumo Gate, visitors can also explore the Lomej Hills, perfect for a guided nature walk or hike, offering stunning panoramic views of the park. This gate is also the starting point for cultural visits to the Karamojong communities that live in the northeastern region of the park.

Different Sections of Kidepo Valley National Park

Stretching across 1,442 square kilometers of unspoiled wilderness in the northeastern corner of Uganda, Kidepo Valley National Park is segmented into distinct regions, each offering unique natural features and wildlife experiences. The park is primarily divided into two significant valleys: the Narus Valley and Kidepo Valley, with each area having its unique landscape and biodiversity.

Narus Valley

The Narus Valley is the southern part of the park, renowned as the primary wildlife viewing area. This region is characterized by verdant grasslands and acacia woodland, interspersed with borassus palm trees, creating a picturesque African savannah landscape.

The lifeblood of Narus Valley is the Narus River, a seasonal river whose banks are a critical source of water, attracting a high concentration of wildlife, particularly in the dry season. It is not uncommon to spot herds of elephants, buffalos, and antelopes quenching their thirst, while predators like lions and cheetahs take advantage of the guaranteed prey availability.

The Narus Valley is also home to the park’s primary tourist facilities, including the park headquarters and the Apoka Tourism Centre, situated near the Katurum Gate. Several game drive routes traverse the valley, offering excellent wildlife viewing opportunities.

Kidepo Valley

Located on the northeastern boundary of the park, the Kidepo Valley presents a contrasting landscape to the Narus Valley. This part of the park is characterized by semi-arid plains intersected by the sandy Kidepo River. Despite its arid nature, the valley is dotted with unique vegetation, including sausage trees and desert date trees, providing a fascinating spectacle.

Kidepo Valley is also known for its hot springs, namely Kanangorok Hot Springs, which are a popular spot among visitors. The sight of the springs with the backdrop of the Morungole range offers a captivating panorama. The area is also an excellent bird-watching spot with species not found elsewhere in the park.

Morungole Mountain Range

Defining the park’s southern boundary, the Morungole Mountain Range is an integral part of Kidepo. Rising to heights of 2,750 meters, this montane landscape offers a refreshing contrast to the plains. The slopes are home to the Ik people, one of the smallest ethnic groups in Uganda. A hike up the mountains not only offers scenic views but also a chance to interact with the Ik community and learn about their unique culture and traditional ways of life.

Karamoja Plains

Surrounding the park to the east is the expansive Karamoja Plains. Although technically outside the park’s boundaries, they form an essential part of the broader ecosystem. The plains are home to the Karamojong people, known for their pastoralist lifestyle. Wildlife often spills over to these plains from the park, particularly during the rainy season when the Kidepo and Narus rivers flood.

Lomej Hills

To the north of the park, near the Lokutumo Gate, the Lomej Hills rise majestically, offering another dimension to Kidepo’s diverse topography. A guided hike to these hills provides a rewarding bird-watching experience and the chance to spot some of the park’s smaller mammal species.

Each section of Kidepo Valley National Park offers unique experiences, diverse landscapes, and an array of wildlife. The Narus Valley’s abundant game life, Kidepo Valley’s arid beauty, the cultural significance of the Morungole Mountains, the stunning vistas of the Lomej Hills, and the vastness of the Karamoja Plains all combine to offer visitors an unforgettable safari experience. The park’s biodiversity and stunning natural beauty make it a must-visit destination for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts.

Best Times to Explore Kidepo Valley National Park

Choosing the best time to visit Kidepo Valley National Park in Uganda depends largely on what you’re hoping to see and experience during your safari adventure. As with many African wildlife destinations, Kidepo’s climate can broadly be divided into the dry season and the wet season, each offering unique experiences and considerations.

Dry Season (September to March)

The dry season is generally considered the best time to visit Kidepo Valley National Park for wildlife viewing. As the park becomes arid, particularly from November to February, animals congregate around the few remaining water sources, making them easier to spot. The Narus Valley, with its perennial water supply, becomes a hub of activity, attracting a wide array of animals from elephants to lions, giraffes, and various antelope species.

The dry season also offers the best conditions for game drives. The roads are easier to navigate, and the thin vegetation improves visibility, allowing for excellent photographic opportunities. Additionally, the risk of malaria is lower during the dry months, contributing to a more comfortable and worry-free safari experience.

Wet Season (April to August)

The wet season in Kidepo Valley National Park comes with its own set of advantages and attractions. The park transforms into a lush, green paradise, offering stunning landscapes. The wet season is also the calving period for

While the dry season is typically the best time for wildlife viewing, Kidepo Valley National Park offers worthwhile experiences all year round. The park’s diverse landscapes, abundant wildlife, and cultural offerings remain accessible irrespective of the season.

If you’re looking to combine wildlife viewing with cultural experiences, any time of the year is suitable. The indigenous Karamojong and Ik communities offer fascinating cultural interactions throughout the year.

Lastly, the best time to visit also depends on your preference for safari crowd sizes. The dry season attracts more visitors, so for a more secluded experience, the wet season might be the best choice.

Whether you choose to visit in the dry or wet season, Kidepo Valley National Park offers an unforgettable experience. It’s always advisable to check with travel experts or tour operators about the specific conditions expected during your travel period to plan your visit accordingly. Regardless of when you choose to explore this remarkable park, Kidepo’s allure is ever-present and ready to be discovered.

The Adventure of Kidepo Valley National Park: A Comprehensive Guide to Activities

Set in the rugged, remote northeast corner of Uganda, Kidepo Valley National Park offers an array of unforgettable activities. Its diverse landscapes, unique wildlife, and fascinating cultural heritage make it a destination of unparalleled adventures. This guide provides an extensive look into the myriad of activities one can engage in when visiting this unspoiled wilderness.

Game Drives

Kidepo Valley National Park is renowned for its exceptional wildlife viewing opportunities, making game drives a must-do activity. With over 80 mammalian species, including elephants, lions, cheetahs, leopards, giraffes, and zebras, among others, the park presents a genuine African safari experience.

The game drives are particularly rewarding in the Narus Valley, where the permanent water source attracts a high concentration of wildlife, especially during the dry season. Morning and evening game drives offer the best chances to see a range of wildlife, with night drives providing the rare opportunity to spot nocturnal creatures like the aardwolf, white-tailed mongoose, and even leopards on the prowl.

Bird Watching

With a record of over 475 bird species, Kidepo Valley National Park is a paradise for bird enthusiasts. The diverse habitats, ranging from semi-arid savannah to montane forests, provide a home for a variety of bird species. Notable birds include the Abyssinian Roller, Purple Heron, and the endemic Karamoja Apalis.

Bird watching activities can be done throughout the park, but the areas around Apoka Rest Camp and the fringes of the Narus and Kidepo rivers are particularly rewarding. The wet season (April to July) is an excellent time for bird watching as migratory birds enhance the park’s avian diversity.

Guided Nature Walks and Hikes

Kidepo Valley National Park offers various guided nature walks and hikes, providing a more intimate way to experience the park’s landscapes and wildlife. These walks are led by knowledgeable guides, ensuring both an educational and safe exploration.

The Lomej Hills present a popular hiking destination, offering panoramic views over the park. For the more adventurous, a hike up the Morungole Mountains to visit the indigenous Ik people provides a mix of physical challenge and cultural immersion.

Hot Springs Visit

The Kanangorok Hot Springs, located near the South Sudanese border in the Kidepo Valley, are a unique attraction. The hot springs emerge in a rocky outcrop, and visiting them provides an exciting deviation from the usual wildlife-focused activities. The area around the hot springs also offers good chances of spotting ostriches and secretary birds.

Cultural Visits

Engaging with the local Karamojong and Ik cultures provides a profound appreciation of the region’s heritage. Visits to nearby villages are an opportunity to interact with local communities and learn about their pastoral lifestyle and unique traditions.

For a more immersive experience, the hike to the Ik communities in the Morungole Mountains presents a fascinating cultural encounter. Despite their challenging living conditions, the Ik people are known for their warm hospitality and rich cultural heritage.

Bush Breakfasts and Sundowners

Experiencing the African wilderness doesn’t always have to be on the move. Kidepo Valley National Park offers bush breakfasts and sundowners, allowing you to soak in the stunning surroundings at a leisurely pace.

A bush breakfast after an early morning game drive or a sundowner while watching the setting African sun can be the highlight of your safari. These experiences provide a chance to enjoy the tranquility of the wilderness and offer fantastic photographic opportunities.

Scenic Flights

For those looking to splurge, scenic flights offer an unparalleled perspective of Kidepo Valley National Park. These flights provide breathtaking aerial views of the park’s diverse landscapes, from the rolling savannah plains to the rugged mountain ranges. They also offer a chance to see large herds of wildlife from above, a truly remarkable experience.


With its stunning landscapes, abundant wildlife, and unique cultural encounters, Kidepo Valley National Park is a photographer’s dream. Whether you’re an amateur or a professional, the park offers endless photographic opportunities. Remember to respect the wildlife and local communities when taking photographs.

Kidepo Valley National Park offers an adventure-packed safari experience with a plethora of activities. From exhilarating game drives and fascinating bird watching to enriching cultural visits and relaxing sundowners, Kidepo ensures an unforgettable African safari experience. This remote wilderness beckons with the promise of unique experiences, making every visit a memorable adventure.

Safari Lodges in Kidepo Valley National Park

Kidepo Valley National Park, located in the remote northeastern corner of Uganda, is home to a diverse range of safari lodges. These accommodations cater to various preferences and budgets, offering a blend of comfort, luxury, and unspoiled wilderness experiences. Here are ten notable safari lodges in Kidepo Valley National Park:

Apoka Safari Lodge

Nestled in the heart of the park, Apoka Safari Lodge offers a luxury experience in the wilderness. The lodge boasts spacious cottages, each designed with comfort and panoramic views in mind. The outdoor bathtubs, private verandas, and a central swimming pool crafted from the local rock add a touch of luxury to the rugged surroundings.

Kidepo Savannah Lodge

Kidepo Savannah Lodge is located near the Kalokudo Gate, offering easy access to the park’s game drives. The lodge features comfortable safari tents and bandas (traditional huts) with private bathrooms and stunning views of the plains. An inviting fire pit serves as a gathering point for guests to share their day’s adventures.

Nga’Moru Wilderness Camp

Perched on a hill overlooking the Narus Valley, Nga’Moru Wilderness Camp offers a blend of comfort and proximity to wildlife. The camp offers a variety of accommodation options, from safari tents to self-contained cottages. Its location provides excellent opportunities for night-time wildlife spotting.

Kidepo River Lodge

Kidepo River Lodge sits on the banks of the Kidepo River, offering guests an immersive wilderness experience. The lodge comprises of comfortable safari tents and bandas, each with a private patio overlooking the river. The central lounge and dining area offer panoramic views of the park.

Adere Safari Lodge

Located outside the park’s boundaries, Adere Safari Lodge provides a unique cultural safari experience. Guests can choose from a range of thatched cottages or luxury tents, each offering beautiful views of the Karamoja plains. The lodge offers game drives into the park and cultural tours to the local Karamojong community.

Kakine Self-Catering Campsite

For those seeking a more rustic experience, Kakine Self-Catering Campsite is a great option. Located within the park, the campsite offers basic bandas and camping grounds. Although amenities are minimal, the wildlife viewing and stargazing opportunities are spectacular.

Apoka Rest Camp

Operated by the Uganda Wildlife Authority, Apoka Rest Camp offers budget accommodation in the heart of Kidepo. The camp provides basic bandas and a camping ground, ideal for backpackers and budget travelers. Despite the simple amenities, the location is superb for wildlife viewing.

Morungole Camp

Perched in the Morungole Mountains, Morungole Camp offers guests a unique opportunity to engage with the indigenous Ik community. The camp provides simple tents and basic amenities, but the real draw is the cultural interaction and the stunning mountain views.

Karenga Community Camp

Located just outside the park, Karenga Community Camp is a community-run initiative offering simple accommodations in a peaceful setting. The camp provides an opportunity for guests to contribute directly to local community development.

Lobolo Camp

Situated on the shores of the Lobolo Swamp, Lobolo Camp offers guests a unique wetland safari experience. The camp provides spacious tents with private verandas overlooking the swamp. The location offers excellent bird-watching opportunities.

Each of these lodges provides a unique way to experience Kidepo Valley National Park. Whether you’re looking for luxury in the wilderness, a rustic camping experience, or a culturally immersive stay, there’s a safari lodge in Kidepo to meet your needs. The common thread among all these accommodations is the promise of an unforgettable safari experience amidst the breathtaking beauty of Kidepo.